This page is intended to provide advice to researchers on how to cite data accessed from the Australian Data Archive.
It covers three broad areas of relevance to ADA users:
- Why we need data citation?
- The ADA recommended bibliographic citation
- The role of DOIs in supporting data citation
The ADA recommended bibliographic citation
ADA has a standard bibliographic citation for all studies within our collection. Any publication, whether printed, electronic or broadcast, based wholly or in part on the data collections provided by the Australian Data Archive should be accompanied by the correct citation and acknowledgement information.
Details of the recommended citation are set out in the ADA Catalogue study record for each study, under the 'Study information' section. In addition, the recommended citation is also included in the ADA Codebook that is provided as part of the download package for any ADA dataset. An example of the recommended format for citations, from the Australian Election Study, 2010 (http://ada.edu.au/ada/01228) is as follows:
McAllister, I., Bean, C., Gibson, R. & Pietsch, J., Australian Election Study, 2010. [Computer file]. Canberra: Australian Data Archive, The Australian National University, 2011.
Why do we need data citation?
Data citation enables you to recognise the academic contributions of those who have contributed and shared their data through the Australian Data Archive.
The Australian National Data Service (ANDS) highlights three core reasons for the need for data citation:
- when datasets are routinely cited they will achieve greater validity and significance within the scholarly communications cycle
- citation of data enables recognition of scholarly effort with the potential for reward based on data outputs
- the use of data should be appropriately attributed in scholarly outputs as with other types of publication
Similarly, the UK Data Archive notes that a data citation supports the research process by:
- acknowledging the author's sources
- making identifying data easier
- promoting the reproduction of research results
- making it easier to find data
- allowing the impact of data to be tracked
- providing a structure which recognises and can reward data creators
The role of DOIs in supporting data citation
ADA are also in the process of introducing Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) for data sets. This ensures that even if the location of the data changes, the DOI will always link to the data that were used. These DOIs should also be included in the citation of the data. The recommended format for an ADA dataset with a DOI is as follows:
McAllister, I., Bean, C., Gibson, R. & Pietsch, J., Australian Election Study, 2010. [Computer file]. Canberra: Australian Data Archive, The Australian National University, 2011. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5072/01228
How will DOIs help in supporting data citation? ANDS notes that this can occur in three ways:
- easy and persistent access to research data available via the internet
- enhanced discovery, retrieval and management of data to enable data reuse and verification of research results
support for automated tracking of data outputs:
- by indexing services such as Thomson Reuters Data Citation Index
- altmetrics such as number of views, downloads and 'likes'.
How can I find out more about data citation?
For more information on data citation, please explore the following online resources:
- Australian National Data Service: Data Citation for Researchers
- UK Data Archive: Citing Data
- Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: Why and how should I cite data?
- DataCite: Why cite data?