Codebook

Saulwick Poll, 31, October 1988

1a. Firstly a question about retirement.  Do you think that men, when they 
    reach the age of 65, should have to retire or should be allowed to
    continue to work if they want to?

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

SHOULD HAVE TO RETIRE                        1        200     19.5
ALLOWED TO CONTINUE TO WORK                  2        801     78.3
DONT KNOW                                    3         23      2.2
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


1b. And what about women when they reach 60?  Should they have to retire or
    should they be allowed to continue to work if they want to?

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

SHOULD HAVE TO RETIRE                        1        202     19.7
ALLOWED TO CONTINUE TO WORK                  2        793     77.5
DONT KNOW                                    3         29      2.8
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


2a. Thinking about superannuation and the aged pension:  which of these 
    statements comes closest to your view:
    All people over retirement age have a right to the full pension,
    whether or not they have superannuation?  or People who have 
    superannuation should have the pension reduced correspondingly?

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

ALL SHOULD HAVE FULL PENSION                 1        619     60.5
REDUCED PENSION IF SUPERANNUATION            2        373     36.5
DONT KNOW                                    3         31      3.0
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


2b. And would you say that people who organise their finances so that they 
    can get the pension are:  Acting sensibly or ripping off other taxpayers.  

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

ACTING SENSIBLY                              1        640     62.6
RIPPING OFF OTHER TAXPAYERS                  2        296     28.9
DONT KNOW                                    3         87      8.5
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


2c. Thinking further about superannuation, which of these statements comes 
    closest to your view:  People should be able to take most of their
    superannuation as a lump sum payment, or apart from a small lump sum
    payment, people should only be allowed to take their superannuation
    as weekly or monthly payments.
    

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

TAKE SUPERANNUATION AS LUMP SUM              1        728     71.1
WEEKLY OR MONTHLY PAYMENTS                   2        218     21.3
DONT KNOW                                    3         78      7.6
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


3.  And one final question on pensions.  It has been suggested that people
    who choose to go on working past the pension age should get a regular
    bonus on their pension when they finally retire:  Do you think this
    is: A good idea or not a good idea?

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

A GOOD IDEA                                  1        295     28.8
NOT A GOOD IDEA                              2        674     65.8
DONT KNOW                                    3         55      5.4
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


4a. Over the past few years, living standards have fallen in Australia.  The
    Government said that this was necessary because Australia was living
    beyond its means.  Looking back, do you think it was necessary for wage
    and salary earners to accept lower living standards?

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

YES                                          1        398     38.9
NO                                           2        567     55.4
DONT KNOW                                    3         58      5.7
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


4b. (If yes) Do you think it will continue to be necessary to accept lower
    living standards over the next twelve months?

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

YES                                          1        334     32.7
NO                                           2        333     32.5
DONT KNOW                                    3        356     34.8
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


5.  Still thinking about wages and the standard of living.  Some people argue
    for pay rises, others for tax cuts. In your view, which is better for wage
    and salary earners: A pay rise, a tax cut or does it make no difference.

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

PAY RISE                                     1        114     11.2
TAX CUT                                      2        674     65.9
MAKES NO DIFFERENCE                          3        206     20.1
DONT KNOW                                    4         28      2.8
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


6.  Thinking about Mr Hawke and his performance as Prime Minister.  Would you
    say his performance was: Very good, good, fair, poor or very poor.

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

VERY GOOD                                    1        128     12.5
GOOD                                         2        318     31.1
FAIR                                         3        375     36.7
POOR                                         4         97      9.4
VERY POOR                                    5         88      8.6
DONT KNOW  NO ANSWER                         6         18      1.7
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


7.  Thinking about Mr Howard and his performance as Leader of the Opposition.
    Would you say his performance was: Very good, good, fair, poor 
    or very poor.

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

VERY GOOD                                    1         26      2.5
GOOD                                         2        129     12.6
FAIR                                         3        402     39.3
POOR                                         4        248     24.3
VERY POOR                                    5        194     18.9
DONT KNOW  NO ANSWER                         6         25      2.4
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


8.  If a Federal election for the House of Representatives were held tomorrow,
    for which political party would you probably vote:  Labour, Liberal,
    National, Democrat or some other party.

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

LABOUR                                       1        436     42.6
LIBERAL                                      2        311     30.4
NATIONAL                                     3         51      4.9
DEMOCRAT                                     4         78      7.6
SOME OTHER PARTY                             5         51      5.0
DONT KNOW  NO ANSWER                         6         97      9.5
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


10. Finally, a few questions about some prominent Australians and what they
    do or have done.  Could you tell me what the following people were or are
    famous for:

a.  Joan Sutherland

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

SINGER                                       1        860     84.1
WRONG                                        2         40      3.9
DONT KNOW                                    3        123     12.0
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


b.  Don Bradman

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

CRICKETER                                    1        924     90.3
WRONG                                        2         21      2.0
DONT KNOW                                    3         78      7.6
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


c.  Walter Burley Griffin

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

ARCHITECT, DESIGNED CANBERRA                 1        542     53.0
WRONG                                        2         67      6.5
DONT KNOW                                    3        414     40.5
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


d.  John Curtin

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

PRIME MINISTER                               1        712     69.6
WRONG                                        2         71      6.9
DONT KNOW                                    3        240     23.5
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


e.  Henry Handel Richardson

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

WRITER, MUSICIAN                             1        173     16.9
WRONG                                        2         58      5.7
DONT KNOW                                    3        792     77.4
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


f.  Isaac Isaacs

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

GOVENOR-GENERAL, CHIEF JUSTICE               1        211     20.7
WRONG                                        2        163     16.0
DONT KNOW                                    3        648     63.4
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


g.  Charles Kingsford Smith

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

AVIATOR                                      1        875     85.5
WRONG                                        2         13      1.2
DONT KNOW                                    3        135     13.2
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


h.  Macfarlane Burnet

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

SCIENTIST                                    1        190     18.5
WRONG                                        2         89      8.7
DONT KNOW                                    3        745     72.8
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


i.  Albert Namatjira

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

PAINTER                                      1        733     71.7
WRONG                                        2         30      2.9
DONT KNOW                                    3        260     25.4
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0


j.  Matthew Flinders

Category label                            Code      Count   Percent

EXPLORER                                     1        802     78.4
WRONG                                        2         55      5.4
DONT KNOW                                    3        166     16.2
                                                  -------    -----
                                 Total responses     1023    100.0